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Also, let Δq represent the discharge passing through the flow channel, per unit length of structure . Structville is a media channel dedicated to civil engineering designs, tutorials, research, and general development. At Structville, we stop at nothing in giving you new dimensions to the profession of civil engineering. Flow lines must intersect equipotential lines at right angles. Discharge passing through the same flow channel is always the same. The shape of the successive flow lines represents gradual transition from one to the other.

- Students can use the measured discharge, which is the total discharge from the reservoir downstream, to inversely calibrate the initial guess of hydraulic conductivity.
- Construction of a flow net is often used for solving groundwater flow problems where the geometry makes analytical solutions impractical.
- Once you have finished adding all the shapes, connectors and labels, you can style your flow chart.
- For example, Rahn and Davis developed an on-campus operational well field consisting of a main pumping well and 14 observation wells for well hydraulic tests at SDSMT.
- Although it is a Paleozoic sandstone, it is friable and not well cemented.
- Most failures caused by groundwater and seepagecan be classified in one of two categories.

In using the sand tank and flow net, students learn that graphical methods are among the most accurate and useful tools in groundwater hydrology, even though more sophisticated numerical models are available. Two-dimensional problems in either the vertical or horizontal plane can be analyzed. In the vertical plane, the method can be applied to examine saturated-unsaturated flow where observed pressure head data are available.

## A Handbook for Civil Engineering – Made Easy Board

Together, the potential function and the stream function form the complex potential, where the potential is the real part, and the stream function is the imaginary part. Equal quantity of seepage draw flow nets occurs in each flow channel. Examinations of the foundations of important hydraulic structures. No other engineering property of construction materials is so variable as permeability.

They are independent of the permeability of soil and the head causing flow. Flow lines represent the path of flow along which the water will seep through the soil. Equipotential lines are formed by connecting the points of equal total head.

## Geotechnical Engineering-I [Lec #27: Flow Nets]

This method based on the fact that the flow of fluids and flow of electricity through a conductor are analogus. These two systems are similar in the respect that electric potential is analogus to the velocity potential. The electric current is analogus to the velocity of flow and the homogeneous conductor is analogus to the homogeneous fluid. This method only for a practical method of drawing a flow net for a particular set of boundaries. Any differential equation requires knowledge of the boundary conditions in order to be solved. Since the boundary conditions of the majority of “real” structures are complex, an analytical or closed-form solution cannot be obtained for these structures.

### What is the flow net drawn to obtain?

Once a flow net is constructed, its graphical properties can be used to obtain solutions for many seepage problems such as the estimation of seepage losses from reservoirs, determination of seepage pressures, uplift pressures below dams, to check the possibility of piping and many others.